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Feed Handling

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Feed Handling

Throughout the pharmaceutical manufacturing process materials have to be stored in intermediate bulk containers (IBC), which are normally drums or mass flow hopper . Drums are used to transport and store the bulk feed to begin the manufacturing process. Often drums are used to store liquids that are used as reactants, solvents, and catalysts. Solids that are used as reactants can be temporarily stored in plastic drums or sacks. To begin the process materials are often transferred to a mass flow hopper so that the feed can be accurately measured. When materials are transferred, pipes are used to prevent contamination and butterfly valves are the preferred valve type. Pneumatic, screw, and belt conveyors are used to transport solids between steps to prevent contamination.

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IBC Hopper

IBC Hopper with Pipes

(Copyright GEA Process Engineering Inc., Columbia, MD)

(Copyright GEA Process Engineering Inc., Columbia, MD)

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Screw Conveyor

Pneumatic Conveyor

(Copyright PRAB, Kalamazoo, MI)

(Copyright PRAB, Kalamazoo, MI)

Feed Handling

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Acknowledgements

GEA Process Engineering Inc. , Columbia, MD

PRAB , Kalamazoo, MI

References

Bennett, Bill and Cole, Graham. Pharmaceutical Production: An Engineering Guide. United Kingdom: The Institution of Chemical Engineers, 2002. Print.

Developers

Thomas Plegue

Howard Hsu