Rupture discs are pressure relief devices that are designed to burst at a set pressure in order to release excess pressure in a given system.
Pumps are used to transfer energy to an incoming fluid. The pressure or velocity of the fluid increases, which helps the fluid overcome physical barriers such as pipe friction and height changes. Pumps exist in a variety of shapes and sizes, depending on their intended function. When the flowing fluid is a gas, the pump is typically referred to as a compressor.
Pipe systems are an essential part of almost all industrial processes. Fittings allow pipe systems to be configured in different shapes. Several types of joints are used to connect pipes and fittings. Pipes and similarly hose, tubing, and ducting exist in a variety of sizes and materials.
Ozone (O3), produced from elemental oxygen in an ozonator, is used for water treatment.
Nozzles are used to break a fluid stream into smaller particles by atomization.
Gravity separators classify dry, granular, free-flowing particles based on their specific gravity.
Fans are used to transport gases under low pressures (less than 0.5 psi). Fans can be separated into two major categories: centrifugal and axial flow. Air is discharged radially from centrifugal fans and axially from axial-flow fans.
Drums, like tanks are used as storage vessels. There are two main types, storage drums, shown here, and process drums.
Deluge systems provide protection against fires. They are composed of open sprinklers attached to a piping system that is connected to a water supply through a heat-responsive valve.
Filters are used to separate a liquid-solid or gas-solid mixture. They are used in a wide range of applications, and in many fields, as described below.