Large scale brewing is comprised of many fundamental chemical engineering unit operations.
Bread is one of the most consumed items throughout the world. Whether they are flatbreads or risen breads, breads have been a big part of humans‘ diets for thousands of years.
The canning of food has its origins in the early 19th century when the French brewer Nicolas Appert began preserving foods in airtight containers, answering the emperor Napoleon’s nation-wide challenge to feed his army.
Cereal manufacturing encompasses many fundamental chemical engineering unit operations.
The production of cheese encompasses many fundamental chemical engineering processes. The raw milk is first pasteurized, then the milk fat content is adjusted through standardization using membrane filtration, after which the milk is placed in a vat.
Perhaps the easiest way to enhance the flavor of food is through the use of condiments. Condiments are added to food to enhance the flavor without changing the method of cooking or preparing the food.
Distilled spirits are a type of beverage with a significantly higher alcoholic content than wine or beer. Also known as distilled liquor or “hard liquor,” this class of alcoholic drink encompasses brandy, rum, tequila, vodka, whiskey, and gin, among others.
Drying is one of the oldest preservation methods. Dried food encompasses a wide range of types of food, such as fruits, spices, snack food, and dried meats.
Freezing food provides a measure of preservation by hindering the growth of bacteria, slowing down enzymatic degradation, and inhibiting oxidation.
Fruit juices are beverages made from the extraction of liquid contained in fruits. The most common fruit juices consumed in the United States are made from oranges, apples, and grapes.
Sugar confectioneries, better known as hard candies, are mixtures of sucrose, fructose, glucose, or maltose syrups, which are kept in an amorphous or glassy state, and can contain different flavors and colorings.
Ice cream, a frozen dairy dessert, was developed in Europe and originated from the process of freezing water with salt and ice in the 1500s.
There are many ways to preserve fruits and vegetables, and they each result in products with different consistencies depending on preparation methods. Jams include whole pieces of fruit while jellies use only fruit juices.
Soft drinks, also known as carbonated beverages, are drinks consisting of flavoring and sweeteners in carbonated water.
Spices, plant products used to enhance the flavor of foods, have been a part of human culture since before history was written.
Wine is a fruity alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation of grapes.
Yogurt, such as the raw vegan almond yogurt shown below, and kefir are fermented milk products.